Depok Indonesia PhotographyIt is predicted to reach 35.6 million people by 2030 to become the world's biggest megacity. Moreover, Jakarta is sinking about 5 to 10 centimetres (2.0 to 3.9 inches) each year, and up to 20 centimetres (7.9 inches) in the northern coastal areas. After a feasibility study, a ring dyke is under construction around Jakarta Bay to help cope with the threat from the sea. The dyke will be equipped with a pumping system and retention areas to defend against seawater and function as a toll road.
A survey conducted in 2018 revealed it has a population of 2.3 million people. Towards the end of 2020, the air quality index was 17 US AQI, with PM2.5 being the main pollutant with average levels of 4.1 µg/m³. The PM2.5 is so-called because the 2.5 refers to the diameter of the particulate matter. foto wedding This diameter measures 2.4 microns and is approximately 30 times smaller than a strand of human hair. It can provoke serious health problems which is why it is often used when calculating the air quality index. Be the first to measure and contribute air quality data to your community.
Jakarta has a tropical monsoon climate according to the Köppen climate classification system. The wet season in Jakarta covers the majority of the year, running from October through May. The remaining four months constitute the city's drier season (each of these four months has an average monthly rainfall of fewer than 100 millimetres (3.9 in)).
Situ Lembang Park is also located nearby, which has a lake at the centre. Taman Suropati was known as Burgemeester Bisschopplein during the colonial time. The park is circular-shaped with a surface area of 16,322 square metres . Several modern statues were made for the park by artists of ASEAN countries, which contributes to its nickname Taman persahabatan seniman ASEAN ('Park of the ASEAN artists friendship'). Merdeka Square is an almost 1 km2 field housing the symbol of Jakarta, Monas or Monumen Nasional . The square was created by Dutch Governor-General Herman Willem Daendels and was originally named Koningsplein (King's Square).
The boom ended with the 1997 Asian financial crisis, putting Jakarta at the centre of violence, protest and political manoeuvring. After three decades in power, support for President Suharto began to wane. Tensions peaked when four students were shot dead at Trisakti University by security forces. Four days of riots and violence ensued that killed an estimated 1,200, and destroyed or damaged 6,000 buildings, forcing Suharto to resign. In the post-Suharto era, Jakarta has remained the focal point of democratic change in Indonesia.
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As of 2017, the city is home to six Forbes Global 2000, two Fortune 500 and four Unicorn companies. Also in central is the Taman Prasasti Museum , and Textile Museum in Tanah Abang area. Museum MACAN is an art museum of modern and contemporary Indonesian and international art located at West Jakarta. As the capital of Indonesia, Jakarta is the melting point of cultures of all ethnic groups of the country. The Jakarta Environmental Agency's Environmental Agency's Air Quality Monitoring Station is located at the HI Roundabout, showing that air quality is in the moderate category on Saturday afternoon, 6th July 2019. At such levels, it is recommended to avoid outdoor activities or wear masks when outside.
The Greater Jakarta area includes three bordering regencies and five adjacent cities . It contains part of Jakarta Old Town, which was the centre of VOC trade activity during the colonial era. Also located in North Jakarta is Ancol Dreamland , the largest integrated tourism area in Southeast Asia. South Jakarta , originally planned as a satellite city, is now the location of upscale shopping centres and affluent residential areas.
Following a revolt, 5,000 Chinese were massacred by the Dutch and natives on 9 October 1740, and the following year, Chinese inhabitants were moved to Glodok outside the city walls. At the beginning of the 19th century, around 400 Arabs and Moors lived in Batavia, a number that changed little during the following decades. Among the commodities traded were fabrics, mainly imported cotton, batik and clothing worn by Arab communities. When relations between Prince Jayawikarta and the Dutch deteriorated, his soldiers attacked the Dutch fortress. His army and the British, however, were defeated by the Dutch, in part owing to the timely arrival of Jan Pieterszoon Coen.
Government-run specialised hospitals include Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Gatot Soebroto Army Hospital, as well as community hospitals and puskesmas. Other options for healthcare services include private hospitals and clinics. The private healthcare sector has seen significant changes, as the government began allowing foreign investment in the private sector in 2010. While some private facilities are run by nonprofit or religious organisations, most are for-profit.
Traditional music is often found at high-class hotels, including Wayang and Gamelan performances. Javanese Wayang Orang performances can be found at Wayang Orang Bharata theatre. The Betawi culture is distinct from those of the Sundanese or Javanese, forming a language island in the surrounding area. Betawi arts have a low profile in Jakarta, and most Betawi people have moved to the suburbs. The cultures of the Javanese and other Indonesian ethnic groups have a higher profile than that of the Betawi.
As of 2014, 183 water reservoirs and lakes supported the greater Jakarta area. Some of statues and monuments are nationalist, such as the West Irian Liberation Monument, the Tugu Tani, the Youth statue and the Dirgantara statue. Some statues commemorate Indonesian national heroes, such as the Diponegoro and Kartini statues in Merdeka Square. The Sudirman and Thamrin statues are located on the streets bearing their names. There is also a statue of Sukarno and Hatta at the Proclamation Monument at the entrance to Soekarno–Hatta International Airport.
According to the Japan Center for Economic Research, GRP per capita of Jakarta will rank 28th among the 77 cities in 2030 from 41st in 2015, the largest in Southeast Asia. Savills Resilient Cities Index has predicted Jakarta to be within the top 20 cities in the world by 2028. Newspapers in other than Indonesian, mainly for national and global audience, are also published daily. Examples are English-language newspapers The Jakarta Post and online-only The Jakarta Globe. Chinese language newspapers also circulate, such as Indonesia Shang Bao (印尼商报), Harian Indonesia (印尼星洲日报), and Guo Ji Ri Bao (国际日报).
The old port Sunda Kelapa only accommodate pinisi, a traditional two-masted wooden sailing ship serving inter-island freight service in the archipelago. Muara Angke Port is used as a public port to Thousand Islands , while Marina Ancol Port is used as a tourist port. Soekarno–Hatta International Airport is the main airport serving the Greater Jakarta area, while Halim Perdanakusuma Airport accommodates private and low-cost domestic flights. Other airports in the Jakarta metropolitan area include Pondok Cabe Airport and an airfield on Pulau Panjang, part of the Thousand Island archipelago. The city prioritised development of road networks, which were mostly designed to accommodate private vehicles. A notable feature of Jakarta's present road system is the toll road network.